Imperial Troopers Are Obsessed With Chasing the Elusive Technological Breakthrough That Will Revolutionize Warfare

Tech as a magical replacement to working on yourself

The US military is obsessively pursuing a Breakthrough in warfare that will provide a massive advantage.  The modern term for such a paradigm shifting Breakthrough is ‘Offset’ although that term, while all the rage for a while, has somewhat faded from use of late.  We’ll use the two terms interchangeably for the rest of this discussion.

The US military believes there have been two previous Offsets:

First Offset = nuclear weapons (1950s)

Second Offset = precision guidance (1970s)

Some discussions include stealth in the Second Offset.

The US military is now pursuing the Third Offset (see, “Third Offset Strategy” and “Offset Strategy Follow Up”).

The fact, though, is that neither the First nor Second Offset produced any lasting advantage and, in fact, neither produced a decisive advantage in any combat.

Nuclear weapons never produced any decisive advantage, partly because the US wound up opting never to employ them in first use and partly because the Soviet Union detonated an atomic bomb in 1949 thus ending any advantage the US might have had after only four years.

Precision guidance has been useful but has never been decisive;  not in Vietnam (which we lost), Desert Storm (useful but not the decisive factor, by any means), Afghanistan (if we haven’t lost, we certainly haven’t won), or against ISIS (ISIS functioned quite well in the face of precision-guided weapons and lost only to ground troops).

Stealth, if you wish to include that as an Offset factor, was useful in Desert Storm but was not the decisive factor and has played no significant role in any conflict since.

The major problem with Offsets/Breakthroughs is that they never last long enough to prove decisive in war.  The other side invariably is able to produce the same Breakthrough in amazingly short order. Consider the following examples of paradigm-shifting breakthroughs in warfare.

Stealth – The stealth advantage has been negated both by other countries producing their own versions of stealth aircraft and ships and by the development of stealth detecting technologies such as specialized radar, IRST, etc.

Precision Guidance – Guided weapons were copied around the world almost as soon as they came out.

Nuclear Weapons – The Soviet Union detonated an atomic bomb in Sep 1949 thus ending the US advantage after barely four years.  Nuclear weapons never provided a decisive advantage in war for the US and, ultimately, proved useless even as a deterrent since no one believes the US would execute first use of nuclear weapons.

Monitor and Merrimack – The ironclad was a huge leap forward in naval warfare and produced a vessel that was, for all practical purposes, invincible compared to the previous wooden, sailing ships.  Incredibly, both the North and South developed ironclads almost simultaneously which completely negated any systematic advantage either side might have gained.

Dreadnought – The UK’s HMS Dreadnought revolutionized naval ship design but succeeded only in triggering a naval arms race and the ship was copied and surpassed within five years without providing any advantage for the British.

Blitzkreig – While it produced an initial advantage for the Germans, it was negated and defeated in fairly short order and produced no lasting benefit for the Germans.

The Tank in WWI – The first tank to see combat took place in Sep 1916 and by Mar 1918, Germany had introduced its own tank and the first tank-to-tank battle occurred in Apr 1918.  The tank produced no lasting advantage for the Allies.

And so on …

An interesting Breakthrough that did produce a fairly long lasting advantage was the submarine as implemented by Germany in WWI and WWII.  This is, perhaps, the closest to anyone having achieved a long-lasting Breakthrough in warfare and it wasn’t the submarine that was the breakthrough but how it was used.  Other countries developed submarines right along with Germany.  What they didn’t do was develop the operational and tactical implementation to effectively use them.  Germany developed the operational application – convoy interdiction – and the tactics (wolf packs, night attacks, etc.) to maximize the benefits of submarines to unprecedented levels.  They achieved a Breakthrough.

The noteworthy aspect of this is that it was not the technology – the submarine – that produced the Breakthrough but the method of employing it – the concept of operations (CONOPS, in modern terminology).  This offers a lesson for us that technology is not the solution but that CONOPS or doctrine can be.

Clearly, chasing Offsets is like chasing after Fool’s Gold.  It’s illusory and not real.

So where should we look for advantages in warfare?  Unsurprisingly, the advantages come from the old, tried and true factors:

  • Maintenance
  • Tactics
  • Training
  • Production capacity
  • Firepower
  • Logistics

The US military is focused on the illusory Breakthrough instead of doing the mundane, dirty, lowly, hard work that is necessary to win wars.  The Breakthrough is ‘hard work’, not technology.

Source: Navy Matters

  1. Geraldo Lino says

    In fact, as suggested by Sun Tzu 25 centuries ago, perhaps the best breakthrough is never starting a war.

  2. Jihadi Colin says

    Actually, Germany produced only a grand total of twenty A7V tanks in WWI, all of exceptionally poor quality even by the standards of the day. And the great allied victories in the latter half of 1918 were almost entirely dependent on British and especially French tanks, which created and then exploited breakthroughs at by the standards of the time unprecedented speed. Most of the tanks used by Germany were actually captured British Mark IV tanks, and the Germans achieved next to nothing with them.

  3. Ronnie&MargaretInDementia says

    The main breakthrough the US could make is learning how to fight wars and then maybe even winning one every now and then? Never has such an expensive military been so ineffective. Most of the US military hardware has only been any good against third world countries that never had airforces or missile systems. The US simply isn’t capable of winning a peer war. Period. The Patriot getting wasted by repurposed ’50s SCUDs in Syria told us all we needed to know. The S300 tracking F35s in Syria and Russia tracking them off the coast of Iran from inside Russia was a real dampner. The US, like the British before them, began to believe its own BS, time to wake up now. They lack the capacity and techl know how to build hypersonics (not to mention the money) so are going down the Regan Star Wars route, with the same end result. I’m waiting for their Suez moment, though I doubt very much they would ever make the mistake of fighting the Russians in open battle. Nope, it’s colour revolutions and ineffectual sanctions from now until their own collapse.

  4. jm74 says

    Lost interest when ISIS got mentioned that the US fought; ISIS is the US and they certainly wouldn’t fight themselves.

    1. Ronnie&MargaretInDementia says

      Well, the Russians ended ISIS (Erdogen still hasn’t forgiven them) the US played footsie for 5 years and then ran away to ‘protect’ the oil fields they’re looting.

      1. Jihadi Colin says

        ISIS is still being carefully nurtured and protected around al Tanf.

  5. Raptar Driver says

    That’s because it doesn’t actually wanna fight a war. It wants the technology to fight the war for it.

    1. Saint Jimmy (Russian American) says

      “It” – the corporate controlled state – wants the profits.

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